What is the history of the sock machine
What is the history of the sock machine?
Socks machine, the British invented the first knitting machine in 1589, using a hook knitting machine to form a stockings, knitting machines to produce socks.
Knitting machines for hosiery production.
In 1589, the British W. Lee invented the first knitting machine and used a hook to knit the formed stockings. In 1849, a single-needle circular sock machine appeared as a result of the use of a latch needle in a small-diameter circular machine. Originally produced socks, until 1857, began to weave socks with bag socks and socks. In 1864 the British W. Kedun invented the Coton sock machine (crochet knitting machine). In 1900, a double-needle circular sock machine and a rib-knitted sock appeared due to the use of double-ended latch needles for small-diameter circular machines. The socks can be knitted by special machines for sock machines, or manually transferred to socks machines by other machines. Socks, high heels, socks, socks (including socks and socks), reinforcement rings and socks are knitted by socks.
Hosiery Sorting Hosiery can be classified by needle bed type, needle type, and needle (bed) number. The flat sock machine has a higher machine number. Production of flat stockings that vary the width of each section according to the shape of the feet and legs results in suture socks. The sock machine has a wide range of machine numbers. The tubular sock blank is produced by changing the size of the coils in each section, or by using elastic yarns, or weaving sock heads, socks, and other methods to adapt to the foot shape. The sock head of the tubular sock blank is closed into a seamless sock. Flat socks have low production efficiency, and round socks are widely used at present. Socks machine structure The sock machine mainly consists of a yarn supplying mechanism, a knitting mechanism, a needle selecting mechanism, a control mechanism, a transmission mechanism, a density adjusting mechanism, and a pulling mechanism. Some hosiery machines also have mouths and folds. Flat socks still have a transfer mechanism.
The role of the yarn feeding mechanism is to take the yarn from the bobbin and send it to the knitting area. There are two types, negative and positive. The negative type yarn feeds tension to the yarn from the bobbin. Although there is a tensioner and a tension compensating device to control the tension and the sending amount, the difference in the yarn tension is still large. The active type yarn is supplied by a special device, so that the yarn is fed into the knitting area at a constant linear speed, and the difference in yarn tension is small.
The function of the weaving mechanism is to weave the yarn into a tubular sock blank or a flat-width sock piece by the work of the knitting machine. The knitting machines of the hosiery machine include knitting needles, sinkers, yarn guides, and triangles. Flat socks are knitting needles, curved yarn pieces, sub yarn pieces, knock-off pieces, yarn guides and pressing pieces. The knitting needles of the hosiery machine are arranged on the cylinder, the yarn feeder is fixed around the cylinder and the yarn is fed into the knitting area. There are a few places where the line is called a few roads. There are generally 1 to 12 roads. The more roads, the higher the productivity. When the cylinder rotates, the latch needle moves up and down under the action of a triangle, and is woven by the yarn feeder. When weaving a sock and a sock, the knitting needles participating in the knitting are needled and needled to form a bag shape. The knitting needles of the flat sock machine are fixed on the needle bed and move together with the needle bed. The yarn feeder moves along the needle bed to perform yarn laying, and weaves by the combination of bent yarn pieces, yarn splitting yarns, and release films.
The role of the control mechanism is to control the entry or exit of the relevant parts during the process of weaving a sock, and to control the cylinder and the speed and the direction of rotation and the length of the socks. The role of the transmission mechanism is to make each body move according to a predetermined pattern. The cylinder of the hosiery machine not only performs one-way rotation, but also rotates bidirectionally when weaving stockings and socks. The role of the needle selection mechanism is to arrange the pre-designed patterns in the needle selection apparatus in order according to the requirements, and to pass the mechanical parts so that the knitting needles are knitted according to a certain procedure. The function of the density adjusting mechanism is to adjust the density of each section when weaving socks by adjusting the depth of the bent yarn by changing the relative positions of the knitting needle and the sinker. The role of the pulling mechanism is to draw the formed coil out of the weaving region by means of a weight, a roller, a gas flow or the like during the weaving process.
The function of the opening and folding mechanism is to start the knitting when the sock begins knitting without coils, and when the sock is knitted to a certain length, the mouth is folded, the single layer socks are folded into double layers, so that the socks have a good Elasticity, without curling, is usually accomplished with sock hooks. The main function of the transfer mechanism is to use a transfer mechanism to move the stitch from one needle to the other to change the weaving width of the stocking piece and shape it.
Zhejiang Weihuan Machinery Co., Ltd
Add: No.15 Lianhe Road, Chengxi Industrial Zone, Zhuji City, Zhejiang Province，China
Contact person: Ruby